Delay in the beginning of urination – the patient has to wait a long time before starting to urinate, normally it takes 2-3 seconds.
As the prostate gland gradually enlarges, this can cause acute urinary incontinence, as a result of which the patient will not be able to remove urine from the bladder and, as a result, it may be necessary to install a urinary catheter.
Ultrasound examination allows you to accurately assess the size of the prostate gland, changes in the walls of the bladder caused by the enlargement of the prostate gland. An important indicator is the determination of residual urine, which is performed by ultrasound after urination.
In healthy people, the bladder should be completely emptied, if residual urine is 50 ml or more, this suggests that surgical treatment is likely required. Ultrasound also evaluates the size of the kidneys and possible changes, since a large amount of residual urine in the bladder can cause reverse reflux of urine and, as a result, expansion of the pelvicalyceal system – hydronephrosis.
A general and bacteriological examination of urine is carried out to find out whether there are urinary tract infections or not. Infectious diseases of the urinary system can also cause urination problems.